ICTP Lecture Notes Series (LNS)
http://www.ictp.tv/
en
© 2011 ICTP
Topics: Chemistry and Material Science Applications on Grid Infrastructures; Some Recent Developments in Algebraic KTheory; Nuclear Physics and Data for Material Analysis; School on Automorphic Forms on GL(n); Nuclear Reaction Data and Nuclear Reactors: Physics, Design and Safety; Intersection Theory and Moduli; Invited Presentations, College on Soil Physics 2003; School and Conference on Probability Theory; Introduction to International Radio Regulations; Contemporary Developments in Algebraic KTheory; 2002 Astroparticle Physics and Cosmology; 2002 Spring School on Superstrings and Related Matters; Accelerator Driven Systems for Energy Production and Waste Incineration: Physics, Design and Related Nuclear Data; Evolution and Convergence in Telecommunications; 2001 Summer School on Particle Physics; Topology of HighDimensional Manifolds; Mathematical Control Theory; 2001 Spring School on Superstrings and Related Matters; Vanishing Theorems and Effective Results in Algebraic Geometry; Nuclear Reaction Data and Nuclear Reactors; Astroparticle Physics and Cosmology; Gravitational Waves: A Challenge to Theoretical Astrophysics; Mathematical Problems in Image Processing; Moduli Spaces in Algebraic Geometry.
The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP)
Since unpublished material presented at the meetings might prove of great interest also to scientists who did not take part in the schools, the Centre has made them available through a new publication titled ICTP Lecture Note Series. It is hoped that this formally structured pedagogical material in advanced topics will be helpful to young students and researchers, in particular to those working under less favourable conditions.
ICTP Science Dissemination Unit (SDU)
sdu@ictp.it
yes

1
Vol.24: Chemistry and Material Science Applications on Grid Infrastructures (PDF)
Editors: S. Cozzini (CNRDEMOCRITOS, Italy), A. Laganà (University of Perugia, Italy)
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.24  November 2009
One of the key missions of Computational Science is to drive to a solution the challenges posed by several scientific and technological problems. Satisfactory solutions to these problems, however, can be worked out only through massive computational campaigns exploiting the innovative features of platforms based on a large number of cpus that can be offered only by highly parallel machines or distributed Grid infrastructures. Recent European projects have boosted the latter technology by gathering around the public network a large number of heterogeneous computers belonging to different scientific institutions. This is, indeed, the goal of the EGEE European project that has assembled a computer Grid strong of about one hundred thousand cpus and has gathered on this platform the efforts of many scientists mainly from physics disciplines but also from other scientific sectors like biology, medicine, chemistry, geology, etc. Molecular and Material Science and Technology (MMST) is, indeed, one of these fields of research in which the possibility of using Grid infrastructure as an advanced high throughput platform is fostering an explosive advance in concurrent programming and distributed implementation of computational packages. This is, in particular, being exploited through the design and implementation of multiscale and multiphysics realistic simulations (of which advanced molecular modelling is an integral part) exploiting also the basic cooperative nature of Grid computing. As a matter of fact, the COST in Chemistry and Molecular Science and Technology (CMST) domain has been pioneering these efforts and launched at the end of 1999 a first Action (D23: Metalaboratories for complex computational applications in Chemistry) that has represented the first distributed computing cooperative endeavour in MMST. At present D23 has evolved into GRIDCHEM: Grid Computing in Chemistry (D37). (ISBN 929500342X)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_24.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Chemistry and Material Science Applications, Grid Infrastructures, Grid Computing

2
Vol.23: Some Recent Developments in Algebraic KTheory (PDF)
Editors: E. Friedlander (Northwestern University, USA), A. Kuku (University of Iowa, USA) and C. Pedrini (Univ. degli Studi di Genova, Italy)
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.23  October 2008
There was a School and Conference on Algebraic Ktheory and its applications from May 14 to June 1, 2007. The first two weeks, May 1425, were devoted to the School while the Conference took place May 28  June 1. This volume contains the expository lectures given at the School. The School and Conference was a followup to the earlier ones in 1997 and 2002. The Proceedings of the 1997 School and Conference was published by World Scientific in 1999. The 2002 School and Conference was dedicated to Hyman Bass on the occasion of his seventieth birthday. The Proceedings of the School appeared in the ICTP Lecture Notes Series, while the Proceedings of the Conference appeared in a special issue of the journal “KTheory” in 2003. These schools and conferences have emphasized the multidisciplinary nature of algebraic Ktheory. Indeed, Ktheory has become part of the fabric of Algebra, Algebraic Geometry, Analysis, Number Theory, and Topology. Ktheory has brought new techniques and structures to these subjects, enabling fundamental contributions. The lectures presented here were given in order to introduce some of the fundamental aspects of Algebraic Ktheory and to present important current connections with topics such as the BlochKato Conjecture, motivic cohomology and quadratic forms. The six topics of the lecture series are as follows: (1) Introduction to Ktheory; (2) Linear algebraic groups and Ktheory; (3) Ktheory and quadratic forms; (4) Motives; (5) Proof of the BlochKato conjecture and (6) Ktheory and noncommutative algebraic geometry. (ISBN 9295003381)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_23.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Algebraic KTheory

3
Vol.22: Nuclear Physics and Data for Material Analysis (PDF)
Editor: N. Paver (Univ. Trieste and INFN, Italy)
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.22  August 2008
The Workshop on "Nuclear Reaction Data for Science and Technology: Materials Analysis" was held at the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics in May 1930, 2003. It was intended to present an extensive, and uptodate, overview of the applications of nuclear data to materials analysis and validation. Dedicated lectures were given on promptcharged particle analysis, particleinduced Xray spectrometry, nuclear reaction analysis, prompt gamma and neutron activation analyses, ion beams analysis. The physics underlying such analyses, and the determinations of the needed reliable nuclear data, were discussed thoroughly. The Workshop included also basic lectures on material analysis, nuclear models, particlematter interactions, and presentations of the nuclear data libraries were given. A substantial amount of time was devoted to practical exercises on simulation and nuclear data retrieval. We here include lecture notes on: the physics of charged particle interactions with nuclei; differential cross sections of protons and helions on light nuclei; nuclear reaction analysis; Rutherford backscattering spectrometry; the IAEA Nuclear Data Services. (ISBN 929500339X)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_22.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Nuclear Physics, Data for Material Analysis

4
Vol.21: School on Automorphic Forms on GL(n) (PDF)
Editors: L. Göttsche (ICTP, Italy), G. Harder (Bonn University, Germany) M.S. Raghunathan (Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, India)
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.21  June 2008
The School on Automorphic Forms on GL(n) took place at the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Trieste from 31 July to 18 August 2000, under the direction of G. Harder (Universität Bonn) and M.S. Raghunathan (Tata Institute for Fundamental Research, Mumbai). The local organizer was Lothar Göttsche (ICTP). The central topics of the school were the theory of automorphic forms on GL(n) and the local theory of representations on GL(n) over padic fields. The programme included an introduction to automorphic forms, recent results on Lfunctions on GL(n), an introduction to the Langlands programme, an introduction to the theory of local representations and an outline of the proof of the local Langlands conjecture for GL(n) over local fields. (ISBN 9295003373)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_21.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Automorphic Forms

5
Vol.20: Nuclear Reaction Data and Nuclear Reactors: Physics, Design and Safety (PDF)
Editors:
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.20  April 2005
This volume contains a partial collection of lectures delivered at the workshop on "Nuclear Reaction Data and Nuclear Reactors: Physics, Design and Safety", held at the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics in FebruaryMarch 2002. The aim of the Workshop was to present extensive, and uptodate information on the whole scientific field underlying nuclear reactor calculations, from the theory of nuclear reactions and nuclear data production and validation down to the applications to nuclear reactor physics, design and safety. In particular, the collection of lecture notes included in this volume presents techniques for modelling microscopic calculations of light nuclei reactions, the use of a database of parameters for calculations of nuclear reactions and the nuclear data requirements for the calculation of the decay heat in nuclear reactors. As far as the nuclear reactors themselves are concerned, the elds of advanced nuclear technology developments for power production, of nonelectric applications of nuclear energy and of the safety procedures for decommissioning old nuclear power plants are covered. We hope that, although limited to these few topics, the volume will nevertheless represent a useful reference for researchers interested in the field of nuclear data and nuclear reactors. For the benefit of potential readers who could not participate in the Workshop, these lecture notes are also available online at: http://www.ictp.it/pub_off/lectures/ for free access and consultation. (ISBN 9295003306)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_20.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Nuclear Reaction Data, Nuclear Reactors, Physics, Design, Safety

6
Vol.19: Intersection Theory and Moduli (PDF)
Editors: E. Arbarello (Univ. La Sapienza, Roma, Italy), G. Ellingsrud (Univ. Oslo, Norway), L. Göttsche (ICTP)
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.19  August 2004
The School on Intersection Theory and Moduli took place at ICTP, Trieste, 927 September 2002. It was organized by E. Arbarello (Università di Roma, "La Sapienza", Italy), G. Ellingsrud (University of Oslo, Norway) and L. Göttsche (ICTP, Italy). The main subjects of the school were, algebraic stacks, their cohomology and intersection theory, orbifolds, moduli spaces of curves and GromovWitten invariants, hyperkähler manifolds and symplectic moduli spaces, motivic integration and vertex algebras. (ISBN 9295003284)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_19.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Intersection Theory, Moduli

7
Vol.18: Invited Presentations, College on Soil Physics 2003(PDF)
Editors: D.M. Gabriels (Univ. Ghent, Belgium), G. Ghirardi (Univ. Trieste, Italy), D.R. Nielsen (Univ. California, USA), I. Pla Sentis (Univ. Lleida, Spain), E.L. Skidmore (Kansas State Univ., USA)
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.18  May 2004
Asked at the 20th anniversary College on Soil Physics, 'what soil physics means', Professor Edward L. Skidmore, a research leader at the USDAARS Wind Erosion Unit, Manhattan, Kansas, USA, defined it in simple terms as 'the study of the physical charactersitics of soil' or 'as the study of the physical laws of nature governing the behaviour of soil'. The study and potential applications of soil physics involve an understanding not only of physics, but of biology, chemistry, hydrology, engineering and land use management. And Prof. Donald R. Nielsen, a former dean of the University of California, Davis, USA, added that soil physics is not just an academic exercise. It involves implications for understanding present critical issues as food security, drinking water, pollution of waters, contamination of soils, natural disasters as flooding and landslides. Soil physisists need to examine complex processes as water flow in soils, erosion and runoff, solute transport and oxygen diffusion. Soil physicists belong to a big family and former participants of ICTP Colleges on Soil Physics take new initiatives to draw attention to the importance of soil physics for our environment. Reference is made to the symposia 'AgroEnviron' coorganized by former ICTP participants in Faisalabad, Pakistan (1998), Tekirdag, Turkey (2000), Cairo, Egypt (2002) and scheduled to be organised in 2004 in Udine, Italy. The present book is a partial compilation of contributions from selected former participants of the College on Soil Physics invited to make presentations related to their achievments as a result of attending the College. It also serves as a testimony of the existing links between soil physicists throughout the world strengthened by the support and programs of the International Centre for Theoretical Physics originally envisioned by Abdus Salam to foster the growth of advanced studies and physics research in developing countries. (ISBN 9295003268)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_18.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Soil Physics

8
Vol.17: School and Conference on Probability Theory (PDF)
Editor: G.F. Lawler (Cornell Univ., USA and Duke Univ., USA)
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.17  March 2004
This volume includes expanded lecture notes from the School and Conference in Probability Theory held at ICTP in May, 2001. Probability theory is a very large area, too large for a single school and conference. The organizers, G. Lawler, C. Newman, and S. Varadhan chose to focus on a number of active research areas that have their roots in statistical physics. The pervasive theme in these lectures is trying to find the large time or large space behavior of models defined on discrete lattices. Usually the definition of the model is relatively simple: either assigning a particular weight to each possible configuration (equilibrium statistical mechanics) or specifying the rules under which the system evolves (nonequilibrium statistical mechanics). Interacting particle systems is the area of probability that studies the evolution of particles (either finite or infinite in number) under random motions. The evolution of particles depends on the positions of the other particles; often one assumes that it depends only on the particles that are close to the particular particle. Thomas Liggett's lectures give an introduction to this very large area. Claudio Landim's follows up by discussing hydrodynamic limits of particle systems. The goal of this area is to describe the long time, large system size dynamics in terms of partial differential equations. The area of random media is concerned with the properties of materials or environments that are not homogeneous. Percolation theory studies one of the simplest stated models for impurities  taking a lattice and removing some of the vertices or bonds. Luiz Renato G. Fontes and Vladas Sidoravicius give a detailed introduction to this area. Random walk in random enviroment combines two sources of randomness  a particle performing stochastic motion in which the transition probabilities depend on position and have been chosen from some probability distribution. AlainSol Sznitman gives a survey of recent developments in this very di cult area. It has been conjectured for a long time that in two dimensions many models in statistical physics have limits that are in some sense conformally invariant. There has been much activity recently proving such results. Richard Kenyon's lecture focuses on the dimer model where conformal invariance can be used at the discrete level. The continuum limit of many models is now understood with the aid of the stochastic Loewner evolution (SLE), developed by Oded Schramm. Gregory Lawler describes some of these recent results, including applications to percolation and path properties of planar Brownian motion. (ISBN 929500325X)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_17.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Probability Theory

9
Vol.16: Introduction to International Radio Regulations (PDF)
Editor: S.M. Radicella (ICTP, Italy)
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.16  December 2003
These notes contain an overview of basic problems of the International Radio Regulations. Access to the existing information infrastructure, and to that of the future Information Society, depends critically on radio, especially in poor, remote and sparsely populated regions with underdeveloped telecommunication infrastructure. How the spectrum of radio frequencies is regulated has profound impact on the society, its security, prosperity, and culture. The radio regulations represent a very important framework for an adequate use of radio and should be known by all of those working in the field. The author of these notes Professor Ryszard (Richard) Struzak, CoDirector of the series of schools on Radio Use at the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), is very well qualified to present the issue having been ViceChair of the Radio Regulations Board of International Telecommunication Union (ITU), a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN). He is also former CoChair of the Spectrum Management/Utilization Working Group of International Union of Radio Science (URSI). Prof. Struzak served as a consultant to the UN, ITU, World Bank and governmental and private sector entities in a number of countries, and as EditorinChief and Chair of Advisory Editorial Board of Global Communications. Earlier, he headed the technical department at the ITU International Radio Consultative Committee (CCIR) for more than nine years. Prior to joining the ITU, he served as university professor and head of national R&D laboratories on electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) and antennas in Poland. He has cofounded the International Wroclaw EMC Symposium and served for many years as its officer, the Symposium Chair and Program Chair. An Academician of the International Telecommunication Academy and IEEE Fellow, he was honoured by two international awards, the ITU Silver Medal, and numerous national awards and decorations. He received BSc, MSc, PhD, DSc, and the rank of full University Professor for life. (ISBN 9295003233)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_16.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Radio Regulations

10
Vol.15: Contemporary Developments in Algebraic KTheory (PDF)
Editors: M. Karoubi (Univ. Paris 7, France), A.O. Kuku (ICTP, Italy) and C. Pedrini (Univ. Genova, Italy)
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.15  September 2003
(Dedicated to H. Bass on the occasion of his 70th birthday). The School and Conference on Algebraic Ktheory which took place at ICTP July 826, 2002 was a followup to the earlier one in 1997, and like its predecessor, the 2002 meeting endeavoured to emphasise the multidisciplinary aspects of the subject. However, one special feature of the 2002 School and Conference is that the whole activity was dedicated to H. Bass, one of the founders of Algebraic Ktheory, on the occasion of his seventieth birthday. The School during the first two weeks, July 8 to 19 was devoted to expository lectures meant to explore and highlight connections between Ktheory and several other areas of mathematics  Algebraic Topology, Number theory, Algebraic Geometry, Representation theory, and Noncommutative Geometry. This volume, constituting the Proceedings of the School, is dedicated to H. Bass. The Proceedings of the Conference during the last week July 22  26, which will appear in Special issues of Ktheory, is also dedicated to H. Bass. The Proceedings of the 1997 School and Conference was published by 'World Scientific' in 1999. The opening contribution by M. Karoubi to this volume consists of a comprehensive survey of developments in Ktheory in the last fortyfive years, and covers a very broad spectrum of the subject, including Topological Ktheory, AtiyahSinger index theorem, Ktheory of Banach algebras, Higher Algebraic Ktheory, Cyclic Homology etc. J. Berrick's contribution on 'Algebraic Ktheory and Algebraic Topology' treats the various topological constructions of Algebraic Ktheory together with the underlying homotopy theory. Topics covered include the plus construction together with its various ramifications and applications, Topological Hochschild and Cyclic Homology as well as Ktheory of the ring of integers. The contributions by M. Kolster titled 'Ktheory and Arithmetics' includes such topics as values of zeta functions and relations to Ktheory, Ktheory of integers in number fields and associated conjectures, Etale cohomology, Iwasawa theory etc. A.O. Kuku's contributions on 'Ktheory and Representation theory' includes Ktheory of orders, grouprings and modules over EI categories, Equivariant Higher Algebraic Ktheory for finite, profinite and compact Lie group actions together with their relative generalisations and applications. Topics covered under F. Morel's 'Introduction to A1 homotopy theory' include Simplicial sheaves, Quillen's homotopical algebra, Unstable A1 homotopy theory, Connectivity and A1localisation, Stable A1 homotopy theory of S1spectra and P1spectra, etc. The contribution by N. Higson titled 'Local index formula in Noncommutative Geometry' includes such topics as Elliptic partial differential operators, cyclic homology theory, Chern characters, homotopy invariants and the index formula. (ISBN 9295003217)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_15.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Algebraic KTheory

11
Vol.14: 2002 Astroparticle Physics and Cosmology (PDF)
Editors: G. Dvali (New York Univ., USA), A. PerezLorenzana (IPN, Mexico), G. Senjanovic (ICTP, Italy), G. Thompson (ICTP, Italy) and F. Vissani (INFN, Italy)
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.14  August 2003
The 2002 Summer School on Astroparticle Physics and Cosmology was held at ICTP, in the three weeks from June 17 to July 5. As in previous Schools in this series, the main topics were covered by sets of 35 lectures (regular courses); some special topics were presented in dedicated sessions (special lectures); and emphasis was given to the discussion sessions. We were greatly pleased  and to some extent surprised  that most lecturers agreed to give lectures at the blackboard, thus giving a chance even to newcomers to follow the details of the derivations and not only the main arguments. We were even more pleased by the atmosphere of the School, conducive to discussions and to intellectual exchange, and by the support of the good summer weather in Trieste. The main aim of the School was to give an updated survey of astroparticle physics and cosmology, with an emphasis on theoretical aspects. W. Hu introduced and discussed the theory of structure formation, and the most important features of the cosmic microwave background radiation (interest in which has been further boosted after WMAP). A closely connected topic, inflation, was reviewed in detail in the lectures of A. Riotto. The connection between dark matter and particle physics was outlined by R. Bernabei (whose experiment, DAMA, recently obtained a strong evidence for a WIMPlike candidate). The search for other dark matter candidates, such as monopoles and axions, was discussed by G. Giacomelli and E. Massò. Dark energy and the cosmological constant  the most puzzling aspect of particle and astroparticle physics, according to many  were the topics of the lectures of G. Dvali, who offered many stimulating proposals and speculations. G. Gabadadze reviewed the physics of large extra dimensions, and suggested a number of applications of these ideas in cosmology. Field theory at finite temperature has been presented by M. Laine. S. Sarkar and P. Tinyakov addressed the cosmic rays of ultrahigh energies and discussed the puzzles they pose to astrophysics and particle physics. The lectures of W. Buchmüller provided an overview of current ideas about baryogenesis, and in particular the mechanism of leptogenesis  which draws a connection with neutrino masses. A.Yu. Smirnov discussed the status of the solar neutrino problem (which, after SNO and KamLAND experiments, is in practice solved and shows the correctness of MSW theory). An introduction to neutrino astronomy was given by F. Vissani. Finally, L. Rezzolla gave a detailed discussion of the status and perspectives for gravitational wave detection (of great interest for interferometers like VIRGO and LISA coming to operation) and of the most likely astrophysical targets for this search, such as black holes or neutron stars. (ISBN 9295003209)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_14.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Astroparticle Physics, Cosmology

12
Vol.13: 2002 Spring School on Superstrings and Related Matters (PDF)
Editors: C. Bachas (ENS, France), E. Gava (INFN and ICTP, Italy), J. Maldacena (Harvard Univ., USA), K.S. Narain (ICTP, Italy) and S. RandjbarDaemi (ICTP, Italy)
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.13  August 2003
These proceedings contain the lecture notes of the 2002 Trieste Spring School on String Theory, by B. Acharya, N. Berkovits, K. Hori, J. Maldacena, F. Quevedo and B. Zwiebach. The lectures covered essentially all the most interesting latest developments in String Theory around that period. B. Acharya reviewed the use of G2 manifolds in obtaining Mtheory compactifications with N=1 fourdimensional supersymmetry, N. Berkovits discussed a novel, covariant approach to superstring quantization with manifest spacetime supersymmetry. K. Hori reviewed recent work on the proof and applications of mirror symmetry to Dbrane physics, whereas B. Zwiebach explained the use of string field theory techniques in the very interesting problem of tachyon condensation in Open String Theory. J. Maldacena gave a set of lectures on the Penrose limit in the context of AdS/CFT correspondence, an issue which was subject of much study in the string theory community because it allows to make quantitative duality checks for nonBPS gauge theory operators and corresponding string excited states. Finally, F. Quevedo gave a set of lectures about the phenomenological implications of string theory, in particular he reviewed the use of Dbranes in the construction of 'realistic' models of particle unification. (ISBN 9295003195)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_13.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Superstrings

13
Vol.12: Accelerator Driven Systems for Energy Production and Waste Incineration: Physics, Design and Related Nuclear Data (PDF)
Editors: M. Herman (IAEA, Austria), N. Paver (Univ. Trieste and INFN, Italy) and A. Stanculescu (IAEA, Austria)
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.12  December 2002
This volume contains the notes of lectures given at the workshops 'Hybrid Nuclear Systems for Energy Production, Utilisation of Actinides & Transmutation of Longlived Radioactive Waste' and 'Nuclear Data for Science and Technology: Accelerator Driven Waste Incineration', held at the Abdus Salam ICTP in September 2001. The subject of the first workshop was focused on the socalled Accelerator Driven Systems, and covered the most important physics and technological aspects of this innovative field. The second workshop was devoted to an exhaustive survey on the acquisition, evaluation, retrieval and validation of the nuclear data relevant to the design of Accelerator Driven Systems. This partial collection should represent a useful reference for researchers interested in these topics. For the benefit of potential readers who did not participate in the workshops these lecture notes will also be available from the ICTP Webpage (http://www.ictp.it/~pub_off/lectures/) for free access and consultation. (ISBN 9295003179)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_12.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Accelerator Driven Systems, Energy Production, Waste Incineration, Physics, Design, Nuclear Data

14
Vol.11: Evolution and Convergence in Telecommunications (PDF)
Editors: S.M. Radicella (ICTP, Italy) and D. Grilli (ICTP, Italy)
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.11  December 2002
These lectures throw a spotlight on different aspects of the evolution of telecommunications networks, namely on the various facets of service and network convergence. The last years progress in data and telecommunications technologies, such as IPbased networks, and the enormous potential of mobile communication systems and users' demands for comprehensive and networkindependent have led to a convergence of data and telecommunications infrastructures in many aspects. In order to help the reader to an easier understanding of the phenomenon convergence, in the first two parts of this volume the evolution of the basic technologies is described one by one. This is done briefly and is focused on the principle topics, just to build a basis for the third part devoted to problems of convergence in telecommunications. These notes are addressed to those readers, who in a quick overview want to be informed on the future service and network landscape. The notes are equally suited for professionals with the desire to extend their horizon as well as for students looking for an introduction into telecommunications under more general aspects. The authors clearly understand the difficulties in writing a book devoted to the evolution in telecommunications. Today, telecom landscape varies at very high speed. Every few months new network technologies, new products and new services are developed. Attempts to present them in time can be accessible only for magazine publications or contributions to conferences. Therefore, in a number of areas, such as Voice over IP and new switching technologies not much more than the starting point of new paradigms is described. However, the content is uptodate to a degree, that the phenomenon convergence can be fully understood. Partially, these notes are based on a number of lecture courses that were delivered during recent ICTP winter schools devoted to multimedia and digital communications. In order to secure full authenticity, a couple of experts have given their support to Section 3 (Convergence) of this volume. They were Jens Voigt (IP networks), Wolfgang Fleig (customer premises and corporate networks), Werner Kerschbaumer and Helmut Becker (fixed/mobile convergence), Helmut Muller (computertelephony integration) and Tilman Durbeck (terminals). All of them are affiliated to Siemens AG, Munich. (ISBN 9295003160)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_11.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Telecommunications

15
Vol.10: 2001 Summer School on Particle Physics (PDF)
Editors: A. Masiero (SISSA, Italy), G. Senjanovic (ICTP, Italy), A.Yu Smirnov (ICTP, Italy) and G. Thompson (ICTP, Italy)
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.10  June 2002
The aim of this school was to give a panoramic view on the field of particle physics with its achievements and problems, successes and failures. The standard model of the electroweak and strong interactions is in perfect shape. Physics of the standard model and its precision tests have been extensively discussed during the school. What is next? Do we have a 'standard model' of physics beyond the standard model? In this connection the status of low scale supersymmetry, supersymmetric Grand Unification and various flavor symmetries has been presented. Discovery of neutrino masses and mixing is probably the first experimental manifestation of new physics. Do we have a viable alternative of the (TeV scale) SUSY and GUT? Models with large, or infinite, or wrapped extra dimensions, the bulkbrane scenarios (widely discussed in series of lectures) may give some answers to this question. Is noncommutative field theory relevant for particle physics? Are the tools we have at hand enough to solve problems of particle physics? Is something fundamentally important missed in our approaches? These, and many other questions, were among the hot topics of the school. In this volume we publish four courses of lectures given by leading experts in the fields which represent two main areas of the research mentioned above: Physics of the standard model and Physics beyond the standard model. Both basic and advanced topics are presented in the lectures on nonperturbative QCD and quarkgluon plasma. First results from heavy ion collider RHIC are discussed. Important recent progress in particle physics is related to operation of the Bfactories. This subject is covered in lectures on Bphysics and CPviolation. Physics beyond the standard model is represented by lectures on Grand Unification with emphasis on explanation of fermion masses, in particular neutrino masses and mixing, and on predictions for proton decay. Another course is devoted to the fascinating subject: physics of noncommutative field theories. (ISBN 9295003136)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_10.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Particle Physics

16
Vol.9 (I): Topology of HighDimensional Manifolds (PDF)
Editors: F.T. Farrell (Binghamton University, USA), L. Göttshe (ICTP), W. Lück (Westfalische WilhelmsUniversitat Munster, Germany)
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.9  Part I  June 2002
The School on HighDimensional Manifold Topology took place at the Abdus Salam ICTP, Trieste from 21 May 2001 to 8 June 2001 under the direction of F.T. Farrell (State University of New York at Binghamton) and W. Lück (Westfälische WilhelmsUniversität Münster). The local organizer was Lothar Göttsche (ICTP). The focus of the school was on the classification of manifolds and related aspects of Ktheory, geometry, and operator theory. The topics covered included: surgery theory, algebraic K and Ltheory, controlled topology, homology manifolds, exotic aspherical manifolds, homeomorphism and diffeomorphism groups, and scalar curvature. Several conjectures were discussed including those due to: Borel, Novikov, GromovLawsonRosenberg, BaumConnes, and FarrellJones. The school consisted of 2 weeks of lecture courses and one week of conference. This twopart lecture notes volume contains the notes of most of the lecture courses. (ISBN 9295003136)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_09A.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Topology, Manifolds

17
Vol.9 (II): Topology of HighDimensional Manifolds (PDF)
Editors: F.T. Farrell (Binghamton University, USA), L. Göttshe (ICTP), W. Lück (Westfalische WilhelmsUniversitat Munster, Germany)
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.9  Part II  June 2002
The School on HighDimensional Manifold Topology took place at the Abdus Salam ICTP, Trieste from 21 May 2001 to 8 June 2001 under the direction of F.T. Farrell (State University of New York at Binghamton) and W. Lück (Westfälische WilhelmsUniversität Münster). The local organizer was Lothar Göttsche (ICTP). The focus of the school was on the classification of manifolds and related aspects of Ktheory, geometry, and operator theory. The topics covered included: surgery theory, algebraic K and Ltheory, controlled topology, homology manifolds, exotic aspherical manifolds, homeomorphism and diffeomorphism groups, and scalar curvature. Several conjectures were discussed including those due to: Borel, Novikov, GromovLawsonRosenberg, BaumConnes, and FarrellJones. This twopart lecture notes volume contains the notes of most of the lecture courses. (ISBN 9295003136)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_09B.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Topology, Manifolds

18
Vol.8 (I): Mathematical Control Theory (PDF)
Editors: A.A. Agrachev (Steklov Mathematical Institute, Moscow, Russia, and SISSA, Italy)
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.8  Part I  July 2002
This volume is based on the lecture notes of the minicourses given in the frame of the school on Mathematical Control Theory held at the Abdus Salam ICTP from 3 to 28 September 2001. Mathematical Control Theory is a rapidly growing field which provides strict theoretical and computational tools for dealing with problems arising in electrical and aerospace engineering, automatics, robotics, applied chemistry, and biology etc. Control methods are also involved in questions pertaining to the development of countries in the South, such as wastewater treatment, agronomy, epidemiology, population dynamics, control of industrial and natural bioreactors. Since most of these natural processes are highly nonlinear, the tools of nonlinear control are essential for the modelling and control of such processes. At present regular courses in Mathematical Control Theory are rarely included in the curricula of universities, and very few researchers receive enough background in the field. Therefore it is important to organize specific activities in the form of schools to provide the necessary background for those embarking on research in this field. The school at the Abdus Salam ICTP consisted of several minicourses intended to provide an introduction to various topics of Mathematical Control Theory, including Linear Control Theory (finite and infinitedimensional), Nonlinear Control, and Optimal Control. The last week of the school was concentrated on applications of Mathematical Control Theory, in particular, those which are important for the development of nonindustrialized countries. The school was intended primarily for mathematicians and mathematically oriented engineers at the beginning of their career. The typical participant was expected to be a graduate student or young postdoctoral researcher interested in Mathematical Control Theory. It was assumed that participants have sufficient background in Ordinary Differential Equations and Advanced Calculus. The volume contains thirteen contributions divided into two parts. The volume, as well as the school it is based on, pursues primarily educational and instructive goals. We tried to distribute the material according to the same purposes. The volume starts with Linear Control Systems, then turns to Nonlinear Systems and Optimal Control Theory. Basic elementary courses are intended to help to study subsequent more specific ones. The volume finishes with some real world applications. We believe that the volume as a whole and its parts can serve for both the selfdepended study and the teaching as a kind of contemporary textbook in Mathematical Control Theory. (ISBN 929500311X)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_08A.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Control Theory

19
Vol.8 (II): Mathematical Control Theory (PDF)
Editors: A.A. Agrachev (Steklov Mathematical Institute, Moscow, Russia, and SISSA, Italy)
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.8  Part II  July 2002
This volume is based on the lecture notes of the minicourses given in the frame of the school on Mathematical Control Theory held at the Abdus Salam ICTP from 3 to 28 September 2001. Mathematical Control Theory is a rapidly growing field which provides strict theoretical and computational tools for dealing with problems arising in electrical and aerospace engineering, automatics, robotics, applied chemistry, and biology etc. Control methods are also involved in questions pertaining to the development of countries in the South, such as wastewater treatment, agronomy, epidemiology, population dynamics, control of industrial and natural bioreactors. Since most of these natural processes are highly nonlinear, the tools of nonlinear control are essential for the modelling and control of such processes. The school at the Abdus Salam ICTP consisted of several minicourses intended to provide an introduction to various topics of Mathematical Control Theory, including Linear Control Theory (finite and infinitedimensional), Nonlinear Control, and Optimal Control. The last week of the school was concentrated on applications of Mathematical Control Theory, in particular, those which are important for the development of nonindustrialized countries. The school was intended primarily for mathematicians and mathematically oriented engineers at the beginning of their career. The typical participant was expected to be a graduate student or young postdoctoral researcher interested in Mathematical Control Theory. It was assumed that participants have sufficient background in Ordinary Differential Equations and Advanced Calculus. The volume contains thirteen contributions divided into two parts. The volume, as well as the school it is based on, pursues primarily educational and instructive goals. We tried to distribute the material according to the same purposes. The volume starts with Linear Control Systems, then turns to Nonlinear Systems and Optimal Control Theory. Basic elementary courses are intended to help to study subsequent more specific ones. The volume finishes with some real world applications. We believe that the volume as a whole and its parts can serve for both the selfdepended study and the teaching as a kind of contemporary textbook in Mathematical Control Theory. (ISBN 929500311X)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_08B.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Control Theory

20
Vol.7: 2001 Spring School on Superstrings and Related Matters (PDF)
Editors: C. Bachas (ENS, Paris, France), J. Maldacena (Harvard University, Cambridge, USA), K.S. Narain (ICTP), S. RandjbarDaemi (ICTP)
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.7  May 2002
This proceedings contains the lectures given at the 2001 Trieste Spring School on String Theory. Several important and active areas of research in string theory related topics were covered in this school. One of the main topics of the School was the recently conjectured duality between gauge theory living on Dbranes and and gravity (or more precisely string theory) living in the near horizon geometry around the Dbranes. J. Maldacena gave a set of lectures on the gauge theory/gravity duality in different examples. M. Strassler's lectures dealt with a very interesting generalization of the gauge theory/gravity duality for the case of a confining gauge theory. D. Kutasov's lectures dealt with Little String Theories (LST) that are supposed to describe the physics of the NS5branes. Using the holographic principle, interesting features of LST were deduced by describing the string theory in the background of NS5branes. E. Verlinde gave a set of lectures on holographic principle in the context of radiation dominated FRW universe. Other topics included lectures by R. Gopakumar on the solitons in noncommutative gauge theories that are relevant in the context of Dbranes in the background on antisymmetric tensor field, and lectures by M. Douglas on Dbranes on CalabiYau spaces. (ISBN 9295003101)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_07.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Superstrings

21
Vol.6: Vanishing Theorems and Effective Results in Algebraic Geometry (PDF)
Editors: J.P. Demailly (Université de Grenoble I, France), L. Göttsche (ICTP), R. Lazarsfeld (University of Michigan, USA)
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.6  December 2001
The School on Vanishing Theorems and Effective Results in Algebraic Geometry took place in ICTP, Trieste from 25 April 2000 to 12 May 2000. It was organized by J. P. Demailly (Université de Grenoble I) and R. Lazarsfeld (University of Michigan). The main topics considered were vanishing theorems, multiplyer ideal sheaves and effective results in algebraic geometry, tight closure, geometry of higher dimensional projective and Köhler manifolds, hyperbolic algebraic varieties. The school consisted of two weeks of lectures and one week of conference. Thisvolume contains the lecture notes of most of the lectures in the first two weeks. (ISBN 9295003098)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_06.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Algebraic Geometry, Vanishing Theorems

22
Vol.5 (I): Nuclear Reaction Data and Nuclear Reactors (PDF)
Editors: N. Paver (Univ. Trieste, Italy), M. Herman (IAEA, Vienna, Austria), A. Gandini (ENEA, Roma, Italy)
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.5  Part I  December 2001
These two volumes contain the lecture notes of the workshop "Nuclear Reaction Data and Nuclear Reactors: Physics, Design and Safety", which was held at the Adbus Salam ICTP in the Spring of 2000. The workshop consisted of five weeks of lecture courses followed by practical computer exercises on nuclear data traetment and design of nuclear power systems. The spectrum of topics is wide enought to timely cover the stateoftheart and the perspectives of this broad field. The first two weeks were devoted to nuclear reaction models and nuclear data evaluation. Nuclear data processing for applications to reactor calculations was the subject of the third week. On the last two weeks reactor physics and ongoing projects in nuclear power generations, waste disposal and safety were presented. (ISBN 929500308X)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_05A.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Nuclear Reaction Data, Nuclear Reactors

23
Vol.5 (II): Nuclear Reaction Data and Nuclear Reactors (PDF)
Editors: N. Paver (Univ. Trieste, Italy), M. Herman (IAEA, Vienna, Austria), A. Gandini (ENEA, Roma, Italy)
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.5  Part II  December 2001
These two volumes contain the lecture notes of the workshop "Nuclear Reaction Data and Nuclear Reactors: Physics, Design and Safety", which was held at the Adbus Salam ICTP in the Spring of 2000. The workshop consisted of five weeks of lecture courses followed by practical computer exercises on nuclear data traetment and design of nuclear power systems. The spectrum of topics is wide enought to timely cover the stateoftheart and the perspectives of this broad field. The first two weeks were devoted to nuclear reaction models and nuclear data evaluation. Nuclear data processing for applications to reactor calculations was the subject of the third week. On the last two weeks reactor physics and ongoing projects in nuclear power generations, waste disposal and safety were presented. (ISBN 929500308X)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_05B.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Nuclear Reaction Data, Nuclear Reactors

24
Vol.4: Astroparticle Physics and Cosmology (PDF)
Editors:
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.7  November 2001
In this volume a wide spectrum of topics of modern astroparticle physics, such as neutrino astrophysics, dark matter of the universe, high energy cosmic rays, topological defects in cosmology, γray bursts, phase transitions at high temperatures, is covered. The articles written by top level experts in the field give a comprehensive view of the stateoftheart of modern cosmology. (ISBN 9295003020)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_04.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Astroparticle Physics, Cosmology

25
Vol.3: Gravitational Waves: A Challenge to Theoretical Astrophysics (PDF)
Editors: V. Ferrari (Univ. Roma, Italy), J.C. Miller (SISSA, Italy), L. Rezzolla (SISSA, Italy)
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.3  May 2001
During the 20th century, new windows on the Universe have been opened by the advent of radio astronomy and Xray astronomy and these, together with the great advances in optical astronomy (both from the Earth's surface and from space), have revolutionized our understanding of the Universe and the way in which it works. Now, as we enter the twentyfirst century, we await the opening of another new window  that provided by gravitational waves  which will allow us a closer "view" of black holes and neutron stars, as well as providing a new probe of processes in the very early Universe. This is an exciting prospect but one which poses a serious challenge to theoretical astrophysics. The new generation of detectors (both laser interferometers and resonant detectors) require input from theoreticians regarding the possible mechanisms for generation of gravitational waves by astronomical sources and predictions of the waveforms produced. This input is essential in order both to tune the parameters of the detectors and to provide templates for use in extracting the tiny gravitationalwave signals from the ambient noise. Also, we need to understand how gravitational wave data, when it arrives, could be used in order to obtain information about the nature of the sources and about their dynamical evolution as well as, perhaps, giving deeper insights into some questions of fundamental physics by means of probing the state of matter under the extreme conditions of energy and pressure found in the interior of neutron stars and in the very early universe. This can provide opportunities beyond the capabilities of experiments carried out in terrestrial laboratories. For a week at the beginning of June 2000, 106 scientists from 28 countries came to Trieste for a meeting whose aim was to present a survey of the current status of the response of theoreticians to the challenge described above, as well as including progress reports on the different types of detector. The meeting was a special occasion in that it provided a forum for people working on the physics of the various potential sources of gravitational waves to discuss in depth the many different aspects of the problems involved. The papers in this volume are the written versions of most of the talks given during that week and the order in which they appear is the same as that in which the talks were given. We hope that they will provide a useful resource for people interested in this growing area of research. (ISBN 9295003055)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_03.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Gravitational Waves, Astrophysics

26
Vol.2: Mathematical Problems in Image Processing (PDF)
Editors: C.E. Chidume (ICTP)
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.2  December 2000
This is the second volume of a new series of lecture notes of the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics. These new lecture notes are put onto the web pages of the ICTP to allow people from all over the world to access them freely. In addition a limited number of hard copies is printed to be distributed to scientists and institutions which otherwise do not have access to the web pages. This volume contains the lecture notes given by A. Chambolle during the School on Mathematical Problems in Image Processing that took place at the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics from 4 to 22 September 2000 under the direction of L. Ambrosio (Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa), G. Dal Maso (Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati) and J.M. Morel (Ecole Normale Superieure, Cachan). The topic of Chambolle's course was "Inverse problems in image processing and image segmentation: some mathematical and numerical aspects". (ISBN 9295003047)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_02.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Image Processing

27
Vol.1: Moduli Spaces in Algebraic Geometry(PDF)
Editors: L. Göttsche (ICTP)
ICTP Lecture Note Series No.1  August 2000
This is the first volume of a new series of lecture notes of the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics. These new lecture notes are put onto the web pages of the ICTP to allow people from all over the world to access them freely. In addition a limited number of hard copies is printed to be distributed to scientists and institutions which otherwise possibly do not have access to the web pages. This first volume contains the lecture notes of the School on Algebraic Geometry which took place at the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics from 26 July to 13 August 1999 under the direction of Lothar Göttsche (ICTP), Joseph Le Potier (Universite Paris 7), Eduard Looijenga (University of Utrecht), M.S. Narasimhan (ICTP). The school consisted of 2 weeks of lecture courses and one week of conference. This volume contains the notes of most of the lecture courses in the first two weeks. The topic of the school was moduli spaces. More specifically the lectures were devided into three subtopics: principal bundles on Riemann surfaces, moduli spaces of vector bundles and sheaves on projective varieties, and moduli spaces of curves. (ISBN 9295003004)
http://podcast.ictp.tv/ebooks/ICTP_LNS/ICTP_LNS_01.pdf
Wed, 31 Aug 2011 09:14:00 GMT
Moduli Spaces, Algebraic Geometry